The traditional Yoruba week has four days dedicated to the Orisa in the following order:
- Day 1 is dedicated to Obatala
- Day 2 is dedicated to Orunmila
- Day 3 is dedicated to Ogun
- Day 4 is dedicated to Sango
However, to be streamlined with the Gregorian calendar, Yoruba people also have a 7 day week which is for trade and business matters
The seven Yoruba business days of the week are:
- Ojo-Aiku (Sunday),
- Ojo-Aje (Monday),
- Ojo-Ishegun (Tuesday),
- Ojo-Riru (Wednesday),
- Ojo-Bo (Thursday),
- Ojo-Eti (Friday)
- Ojo-Abameta (Saturday).
Yoruba Beliefs About Monday
Ojo Aje (Monday): This is the day on which money joined Orisa on earth and is known as the day of money. Yoruba people use this day to start business, and to discuss economic and financial programs.
The Concept of Monday (Ojo Aje) In Yoruba Mythology is further explained here by Odua Balogun Kakanfo
Yorubas believe there are people with Oloriburuku personality (evil omen)
They believe if you meet such people early in the morning, particularly Monday morning, Aje (wealth) will desert you instantly before you start your transactions for the day.
Aje according to Yoruba culture is the (Orisa) deity of Wealth, social program and Money. Yorubas believe Monday is Ojo Aje.” Aje a wa O!.” So they say meaning,’Orisa Aje will visit.’ This is the reason, Yorubas are business like on Mondays and superstitious.
On Monday morning you cannot ask a Yoruba to pay back their debt.
You cannot pay them with your left hand. Even though it is your money and you are a customer, it is a taboo.
On Mondays customers are not always right. At the same time as a customer you will get the best deal in the market.
Especially when you are their first customer on a Monday morning (Ojo Aje). The superstition stipulates that the first customer ordeal will last till the end of the day, therefore, traders want their first customers to buy, so they are often given good bargain. Traders will say ‘Mo fi s’ewo ni’
Customers are not expected to utter profanity around a Yoruba trader. Rather, they should approach them with warm smile and politeness.
On Mondays, Yorubas will not loan you money even for your Father’s burial.
Do not ask a Yoruba man to pay his rent or other bills and miscellaneous on Monday. It is not a good gesture.
On Mondays an average Yoruba trader would be meticulous. Every event could be interpreted to have a spiritual connotation. They believe a bad day on Monday (Ojo Aje) can spell doom for the rest of the week (Ose). Their observation ranges from who they saw and exchange greetings with in the morning. The tone of their fellow trader. The traffic, Weather, cloth and the list goes on.
Yoruba people are clairvoyant( Ifura) In nature. There is a saying in Yoruba that, “clairvoyance is the charm of old wise men(Ifura l’ogun agba)”
I will leave you with this phrase,”Ojo Monday Eko ko ni gbagba ku gba” meaning “no nonsense on Monday morning in Lagos (Eko)”.